Because of the political climate surrounding abortion laws, there is a lot of misinformation surrounding the finer points of what it actually means to have an abortion. One prevailing myth that you might have grown up hearing is that having an abortion can affect your future fertility. But despite what you may have heard, there have been no studies that show having an abortion, whether it is a surgical or medical abortion, will negatively affect your chances of getting pregnant later on in life.
HelloGiggles spoke with Dr. Jennifer Wider, OB-GYN and women’s health expert, who confirms this is true. However, she says this “relies on the fact that the abortion is done in a safe, regulated healthcare setting by a qualified medical provider.”
Currently, there are various types of surgical abortions that doctors use depending on the stage of pregnancy that the woman is in. But each kind involves inserting an instrument into the cervix through the vaginal canal. “With any procedure, there is always a risk involved,” Dr. Wider tells HG. “In very rare circumstances, an abortion can cause damage to the cervix or uterus.”
That risk of damaging the cervix or uterus can go up if a woman gets multiple surgical abortions, since there’s a likelihood of scarring, but this is only a risk if you have many surgical abortions, and it’s also a risk that women who have multiple C-sections face.
“There are a few studies that show repeat surgical abortion could potentially increase the risk abnormal implantation of the placenta. Another study shows that the risk of postpartum hemorrhage may increase after repeat dilation and curettage procedures. These risks are rare,” Dr. Wider says.